Effectiveness of Self-Care Training Module for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Handloom Weavers at Udaynarayanpur, West Bengal

  • Dibyendu Bikash Datta National Institute of Fashion Technology, (Ministry of Textiles, Government of India), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Biswajit Sarkar
  • Anwesha Biswas
Keywords: : Musculoskeletal disorders, handloom weavers, instructional module, self-care habits, discomfort.


This study attempted to describe the interpretation of self-care behaviors of handloom weavers having
musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and the influence of the training module, which ultimately enhances their
self-care habits. Handloom weavers adopt uncomfortable postures, which lead to poor performance and
MSD. As a result, both individuals and organizations suffer economic losses. MSDs are among the main
workplace hazards for ergonomists. Many handloom weavers also work in risky occupations. Weavers
worked in static positions with pressure on their legs, feet, hands, and wrists. Based on this factor, we
explored MSD prevalence among handloom weavers. The Self-Care Habit Assessment Questionnaire
includes general care, recognizing early signs of discomfort, and evaluating the effectiveness of workouts
for work-related MSD. Researchers collected data through structured interviews with 50 handloom weavers
who met the inclusion criteria. Participants in the study received a guidebook on treating work-related MSD
with proper explanations. A post-knowledge examination was conducted for the same study participants
fifteen days later using the same questionnaire. Researchers found that the mean score for general
instructions improved from 1.76±0.32 in the pre-knowledge to 2.76±0.21 in post-knowledge, and the mean
score for identifying pain and discomfort increased from 2.06±0.52 to 2.34±0.32. Besides, knowledge
related to workout assessment improved from 2.02±0.36 in the pre-knowledge to 2.71±0.28 in the postknowledge, with a statistically significant improvement of p<0.5. The written instructional guidelines with
explanation enhanced better understanding and promoted self-care habits among handloom weavers
performing workouts. Research shows that practicing Self-Care Training Modules for Work-Related MSD
can reduce the risk of MSD among handloom weavers and attenuate physical and emotional discomfort