Publication Ethics

  • All manuscripts submitted to CRR journal must be original.
  • Manuscripts should not have been previously published in its present or similar form.
  • Your work must be exclusive and not concurrently under review by any other publisher.
  • By submitting your work to CRR, you are affirming that the work does not violate any current copyright.

Research Ethics

You must;

  • Include individuals who have made a significant and valuable contribution to the manuscript. All individuals who contributed to the paper should be included in the acknowledgements section.
  • Exclude individuals who have not made any contributions to the article or have explicitly opted out of being affiliated with the research.
  • Large Language Models cannot be attributed authorship since they lack the ability to conceive a research plan independently and cannot be held responsible for the integrity, originality, and validity of the published work.
  • If your research involves human subjects, it is essential to determine whether ethical approval, in the form of informed consent, is necessary. This information should be included in your proposal.
  • Refrain from citing your own work, using manipulative tactics to force others to cite your work, or excessively promoting citations.
  • Adhere to the relevant international and national protocols for data protection, privacy rights, and other ethical issues when referencing data.
  • Ensure that all data, programme code, and other methods used in your article are properly cited and referenced.
  • References for datasets and programme codes should include persistent identifiers, such as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI). 

Generative AI usage guidelines

Following use of generative AI is Permitted as per CRR ethics guidelines;

  • The author(s) must describe the content they made or changed and properly cite the name and version of the AI tool they used. They should also properly cite and reference any other works that the AI tool used.
  • It is legal to use a generative AI tool or LLM to edit an article and make it easier to read and use better language. This is because these tools are similar to those used to fix spelling and grammar mistakes and use previously written material instead of creating completely new content. The author(s) is still responsible for the original work. Author(s) must take responsibility for the work they've created and how it's interpreted. They must also be held accountable for its truth, integrity, and validity.

Following use of generative AI is Not-Permitted as per CRR ethics guidelines;

  • Do not submit or publish photographs generated by AI technologies or large-scale generative models.
  • The use of generative AI tools/LLM for reporting results is prohibited.
  • In-text reporting of statistics utilising generative AI tools/LLM is prohibited due to data authenticity, integrity, and validity concerns. However, using such a tool to analyse the work is allowed.

Disclosure Instructions for using generative AI

The core manuscript file must include a statement at the end of the paper before the References list disclosing the usage of generative AI and AI-assisted technologies. A new section called ‘Declaration of Generative AI and AI-assisted technologies in the writing process’ should contain the statement.

Statement: For [REASON], the author(s) used [NAME TOOL / SERVICE] to prepare this work. This tool/service allowed the author(s) to examine and edit the content and accept full responsibility for the publication.

Basic grammar, spelling, reference, and other tools are exempt from this declaration. A statement is unnecessary if there is nothing to disclose.

Informed Consent

If your article contains a photograph of someone's face, their opinion, a case study, or anything else that could identify them, you must include a completed informed permission form with your publication.

Citation Manipulation

Researchers should be mindful of the following behaviours while doing citations

  1. Self-citation

Authors should not overcite themselves. Citations should be meaningful, provide value to the part of the manuscript, and not only boost an author's citation score. Self-citations should be limited in methodology and literature reviews.

  1. Coercive Citation

We support editorial independence and author freedom. If you feel forced to insert a reference in your paper during peer review, email the managing editor. Email: 

  1. Citation Pushing

Citation pushing is when an author adds unnecessary or irrelevant references to improve another author's citation score. This commonly happens in groups. We monitor this behaviour across all publications. CRR strongly discourages and takes such behaviour seriously.

Use of inclusive language

Inclusive language respects variety, is sensitive to differences, and encourages equal chances. Content should not assume readers' beliefs or commitments, should not imply that one person is superior to another based on age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability, or health condition, and should use inclusive language. Writers should avoid bias, stereotypes, slang, dominant culture references, and cultural preconceptions. For gender neutrality, use plural nouns whenever possible and avoid "he, she," or "he/she." Unless relevant and valid, omit descriptors of age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, handicap, or health condition.